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Types of Nutrients

Plants require two types of nutrients for healthy growth -- macro-nutrients and micro-nutrients. Plants use macro-nutrients in large amounts while micro-nutrients are required in trace amounts. Following is a list of Macro and Micro- Nutrients and their functional importance in plant growth:

 

Macro-Nutrients

~ Carbon: Formation of organic compounds

~ Oxygen: Release of energy from sugar

~ Hydrogen: Water formation

~ Nitrogen: Chlorophyll, amino acids, proteins synthesis

~ Phosphorus: Vital for photosynthesis and growth

~ Potassium: Enzyme activity, Sugar and starch formation

~ Calcium: Cell growth and division, component of cell wall

~ Magnesium: Component of chlorophyll, enzyme activation

~ Sulfur: Formation of amino acids and proteins

 

Micro-Nutrients

~ Boron: Vital for reproduction

~ Chlorine: Helps root growth

~ Copper: Enzyme activation

~ Iron: Used in Photosynthesis

~ Manganese: Component of chlorophyll, Enzyme activation

~ Sodium: Vital for water movement

~ Zinc: Component of enzymes and auxins

~ Molybdenum: Nitrogen Fixation

~ Nickel: Nitrogen Liberation

~ Cobalt: Nitrogen Fixation

~ Silicon: Cell wall toughness